Vassar

Mind The (Profit) Gap: Why Are Female Enterprise Owners Earning Less Than Men?

Hardy M., Kagy G. (2018).Mind The (Profit) Gap: Why Are Female Enterprise Owners Earning Less Than Men?AEA Papers and Proceedings, vol. 108, pp. 252–55

Abstract

We explore potential causes for the well-documented profit gap between male- and female-owned microenterprises in low-income countries. We use rich data from an ongoing field project in Ghana’s garment making sector, and our study sample consists of all garment making firms in a midsize district capital. Even within the same industry, male-owned firms earn nearly twice as much profit as female-owned firms. Furthermore, we find the large and persistent gender difference in profits cannot be explained by our extensive firm- and owner-level characteristics. We conclude that factors outside of individual firm or firm-owner characteristics are likely to be at play.

css.php